Zend Framework 2 (ZF2) has finally reached stable. just a few weeks after starting a new project where I plan hitch the NoSQL bandwagon and tryout MongoDB. reading this particular FAQ on Zend Framework’s website..

We currently plan to fully support Zend Framework 1 until at least early 2014, including maintenance and security updates.

I guess I better start learning the latest version of this Framework. okay here goes.

  1. Same as the previous version of ZF, we need to setup the VirtualHost..
<VirtualHost *:80>
    ServerAdmin me@bigwisu.com
    ServerName zf2odm.local

    DocumentRoot /Users/wisu/Sites/zf2odm/public
    <Directory "/Users/wisu/Sites/zf2odm/public">
        allow from all
        Options +Indexes

    SetEnv APPLICATION_ENV "development"

    ErrorLog "logs/zf2odm-error_log"
    CustomLog "logs/zf2odm-access_log" common
  1. Get the ZF2 Skeleton
$ cd /path/to/zf2/project
$ git clone git://github.com/zendframework/ZendSkeletonApplication.git .
  1. Edit the composer.json file, my setup looks like this
    "name": "zendframework/skeleton-application",
    "description": "Skeleton Application for ZF2",
    "license": "BSD-3-Clause",
    "keywords": [
    "homepage": "http://framework.zend.com/",
    "minimum-stability": "dev",
    "require": {
        "php": ">=5.3.3",
        "zendframework/zendframework": "2.0.2",
	"doctrine/doctrine-mongo-odm-module": "dev-master"

You must specify “minimum-stability” to dev, and add the “doctrine/doctrine-mongo-odm-module” repository. the default zendframework 2.* does not install. forcing version 2.0.2 seems to do the trick.. after editing, simply run

  php composer.phar install

and it will install the framework along with all the dependencies required to access MongoDB..

Now we have Zend Framework 2 up and running.

ZF2 Skeleton

  1. Before continuing I think it is best to verify that we already have a MongoDB server running and make sure that PHP can talk to MongoDB. I’m not going to talk too detail about this.. googling will surely give better results.


  1. Tell ZF2 that we have Doctrine and Doctrine MongoDB ODM Modules. edit config/application.config.php. my setup looks like
  return array(
      "modules" => array(
      "module_listener_options" => array(
          "config_glob_paths"    => array(
          "module_paths" => array(
  1. Configure Doctrine ODM. copy the sample config file to the autoload directory
cp vendor/doctrine/doctrine-mongo-odm-module/config/module.doctrine-mongo-odm.local.php.dist config/autoload/module.doctrine-mongo-odm.local.php

Edit the file, my setup looks like so..

  return array(
      'doctrine' => array(
          'connection' => array(
              'odm_default' => array(
                  'server'    => 'localhost',
                  'port'      => '27017',
                  'dbname'    => 'zf2odm',
                  'options'   => array()
          'configuration' => array(
              'odm_default' => array(
                  'metadata_cache'     => 'array',
                  'driver'             => 'odm_default',
                  'generate_proxies'   => true,
                  'proxy_dir'          => 'data/DoctrineMongoODMModule/Proxy',
                  'proxy_namespace'    => 'DoctrineMongoODMModule\Proxy',
                  'generate_hydrators' => true,
                  'hydrator_dir'       => 'data/DoctrineMongoODMModule/Hydrator',
                  'hydrator_namespace' => 'DoctrineMongoODMModule\Hydrator',
                  'default_db'         => 'zf2odm',
                  'filters'            => array()
          'driver' => array(
              'odm_default' => array(
                  'drivers' => array(
                      'Application\Document' => 'aplikasi'
              'aplikasi' => array(
                  'class' => 'Doctrine\ODM\MongoDB\Mapping\Driver\AnnotationDriver',
                  'cache' => 'array',
                  'paths' => array(
          'documentmanager' => array(
              'odm_default' => array(
                  'connection'    => 'odm_default',
                  'configuration' => 'odm_default',
                  'eventmanager' => 'odm_default'
          'eventmanager' => array(
              'odm_default' => array(
                  'subscribers' => array()
  1. Create Hydrator and Proxy directories
  mkdir -p data/DoctrineMongoODMModule/Hydrator
  mkdir -p data/DoctrineMongoODMModule/Proxy

Make sure they are writable by your web server.

  1. Define Document mapping. here for example is the User mapping i have. specified in module/Application/src/Application/Document/User.php
  namespace Application\Document;
  use Doctrine\ODM\MongoDB\Mapping\Annotations as ODM;
  /** @ODM\Document(collection="user") */
  class User
      /** @ODM\Id */
      private $id;
      /** @ODM\Field(type="string") */
      private $name;
       * @return the $id
      public function getId() {
          return $this->id;
       * @return the $name
      public function getName() {
          return $this->name;
       * @param field_type $id
      public function setId($id) {
          $this->id = $id;
       * @param field_type $name
      public function setName($name) {
          $this->name = $name;
  1. To create an entry in MongoDB, we specify in our controller what mapping is to be used, here we will create a new user.
  use Application\Document\User;

then sample code.

  $dm = $this->getServiceLocator()->get('doctrine.documentmanager.odm_default');  
  $user = new User();

in the an action to write user “Gembul” to our MongoDB’s user Collection. results is as the following.